Victor Vasarely, born Vásárhelyi Győző (9 April 1906 – 15 March 1997), was a Hungarian-French artist, who is widely accepted as a “grandfather” and leader of the short-lived op art movement.
His work entitled Zebra, created in the 1930s, is considered by some to be one of the earliest examples of op art.
In Budapest, he worked for a ball-bearings company in accounting and designing advertising posters. Vasarely became a graphic designer and a poster artist during the 1930s combining patterns and organic images with each other.
Vasarely left Hungary and settled in Paris in 1930. He worked as a graphic artist and as a creative consultant at the advertising agencies (1930–1935). Vasarely eventually went on to produce art and sculpture using optical illusion.. Over the next three decades, Vasarely developed his style of geometric abstract art, working in various materials but using a minimal number of forms and colours: