Zwingli

Author: Richard Houston

Title: Zwingli

Period: 18th Century

Date:: 1759

Technique: Mezzotint

Dimensions: 26 x 20 cm

Registry number: GE-794

Richard Houston

Dublín, c. 1721

Richard Houston (1721?–London, 1775) was an Irish mezzotint engraver, whose career was mostly in London.

Born in Dublin about 1721, he became a pupil of John Brooks, who was also the master of James McArdell and Charles Spooner. He came to London about 1747, and some of his early plates bear the address “near Drummond’s at Charing Cross”.

In debt to Robert Sayer, the print-seller, he was arrested and confined to the Fleet prison; according to Sayer this in order that he might know where to find the dissipated Houston. He was released in 1760, on the accession of George III. As a free agent he was commissioned by Carington Bowles.

Houston’s major works are engravings after Sir Joshua Reynolds, which include portraits of: Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland; Caroline, Duchess of Marlborough, and child; Mary, Duchess of Ancaster; Maria, Countess Waldegrave, later Duchess of Gloucester, with her daughter; Elisabeth, Duchess of Argyll, and her son; Lady Selina Hastings; Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough; Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield; and Richard Robinson, archbishop of Armagh.

He engraved also: seven portraits...

See author's sheet: Richard Houston